Asset Price Distributions and Efficient Markets
47 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2019 Last revised: 26 Jan 2020
Date Written: December 24, 2018
We explore the link between stock returns and changes in market capital concentration across firms. Our theory uncovers a concentration risk factor driven by time-varying changes in the distribution of market capital. A powerful implication of our theory is the necessary existence of this concentration risk factor, which also entails a size effect. Empirically, we confirm that portfolios with exposure to concentration risk outperform the market, a premium that covaries negatively with market capital concentration, peaking during the 1970-1985 and 1995-2012 periods. Given these links, our work implies that economic models with heterogeneous firms make predictions about the size effect in stock returns.
Keywords: Asset pricing, asset returns, asset pricing factors, price distributions, efficient markets, statistical methods
JEL Classification: G10, G11, G12, C14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation