Different Selection Processes, Different Outcomes? Comparing Labour Market Integration of Asylum Seekers, Resettled Refugees and Their Reunited Family Members in Finland
21 Pages Posted: 6 Jan 2019
Date Written: December 21, 2018
This study examines whether the different selection processes of asylum seekers, resettled refugees and their family members produce discrepancies to the employment trajectories in the host society. The labour market integration of the three refugee groups are analysed by using extensive longitudinal data from Finland during 2003-2015. The results show that, among males, family reunion migrants integrate faster than asylum seekers and resettled refugees. However, among females, resettled refugees integrate the fastest whereas family reunion migrants demonstrate the slowest integration. The overall small differences between admission categories are partly explained by discrepancies in observed characteristics such as age distribution among males and fertility patterns among females. The results do not support the hypothesis of positive self-selection of asylum seekers.
Keywords: migration, forced migration, family migration, labour market integration
JEL Classification: J15, J24
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