Factors Affecting Islamic and Conventional Mutual Funds’ Returns. A Comparative Analysis of Different Classes of Funds in Pakistan
16 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2019
Date Written: December 18, 2018
This study aims to analyze and investigates the factors influencing returns of Islamic and conventional mutual funds in Pakistan. More specifically this study aims to investigate whether macroeconomic and systematic factors affect Shariah compliant Equity, Income and assets allocation mutual funds differently as compared their conventional counterparts. Different statistical techniques like correlation and regression analysis were applied to study their effect. Study concluded that macro-economic factors have impact on both conventional and Islamic mutual funds however their impact seems to be insignificant at large. Overall funds behaved negatively with discount rate, inflation and GDP, whereas positively with trade and market index. Apart from income funds that were affected positively with discount rate. Furthermore, income funds were not affected by market index. Moreover, inflation and GDP that is usually backed by higher interest rates, also effect negatively overall returns. There was no significant difference in the behavior among the Islamic and conventional funds with respect to the above-mentioned factors. Lastly, there was high correlation among both the equity and asset allocation based mutual funds (both Islamic and conventional). It was also found that asset allocation funds had close resemblance to equity-based funds as compared to income-based funds in term of factors influencings their returns this suggested that most of the asset allocation funds have more portion of equity as compared to debt and could be consider highly risky. Hence, they seem to be against Modern portfolio theory Markowitz (1952) presuming it to be in a minimum level of risk.
Keywords: Mutual funds, equity, income, asset Allocation, regression analysis, macro-economic variables
JEL Classification: G11,G23,F62
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation