Socio-Economic Determinants of Energy Consumption in Nigeria: Evidence From Household Data
FUDMA - Economic and Development Review, 1(2), 1-23, 2017
12 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2019
Date Written: April 01, 2017
The objective of this study is to investigate the socio-economic determinants of energy consumption of different regions in Nigeria using household data. The study employed a multinomial logistic regression model to analyse data from the General Household survey 2013 for Nigeria. Education, household size and per capita expenditure were found to be significant determinants of the use for kerosene; age, sector, education, expenditure on food, and per capita expenditure for electricity and gas, while sector was found as a significant determinant of the use of coal for cooking. Results for the determinants of household energy for lighting indicate that frequency of blackouts and expenditure on electricity significantly determine the use of kerosene, while sector and household size determine the use of firewood; household size, per capita expenditure, frequency of blackout and expenditure on electricity are all significant determinants of the use of battery and sector for the use of candles. The study recommends that electrification in rural sectors be enhanced and that attention be paid on subsidising environmental friendly energy sources for poor households who currently depend largely on firewood for cooking.
Keywords: household energy, socio-economic determinants, cooking, lighting, energy consumption, multinomial regression
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