Economic Analysis of Improved Smallholder Paddy and Maize Production in Northern Viet Nam and Implications for Climate-Smart Agriculture

L. Lipper et al. (eds.), Climate Smart Agriculture, Natural Resource Management and Policy 52, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-61194-5_23 (2018)

33 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2019

See all articles by Giacomo Branca

Giacomo Branca

Università degli studi della Tuscia

Aslihan Arslan

FAO of the UN (ESA); UC Davis - Agricultural and Resource Economics; Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Adriana Paolantonio

Independent

Romina Cavatassi

IFAD

Nancy McCarthy

LEAD Analytics

N. VanLinh

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Leslie Lipper

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN

Date Written: December 23, 2018

Abstract

Adoption of improved agricultural practices is shown to vary based on rainfall variability and long-term average maximum temperature, and although such practices increase productivity and profitability on average, their impacts also vary based on climatic conditions. This paper presents a case study on impacts and implications for adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) solutions in the Northern Mountainous Region (NMR) of Viet Nam. We use primary data collected through ad hoc household and community surveys to conduct profitability estimates of comparative technologies using crop financial models based on partial budget analysis and a study of the determinants of adoption and of yields. In particular, we find that the majority of farmers in NMR rely on ‘conventional’ farming despite indications that sustainable land management practices such as Minimum Tillage (MT) applied to upland maize production, and Fertilizer Deep Placement (FDP) and Sustainable Intensification for Paddy (SIP) production are more profitable. Adoption of MT is greater where long-term variation in rainfall during critical growing periods for maize is higher; FDP and SIP adoption is greater in places where the long-term average of maximum temperatures is higher during critical periods for rice growth. Finally, these improved practices have higher labour and input costs compared to conventional practices, which may prevent or slow adoption.

Suggested Citation

Branca, Giacomo and Arslan, Aslihan and Paolantonio, Adriana and Cavatassi, Romina and McCarthy, Nancy and VanLinh, N. and Lipper, Leslie, Economic Analysis of Improved Smallholder Paddy and Maize Production in Northern Viet Nam and Implications for Climate-Smart Agriculture (December 23, 2018). L. Lipper et al. (eds.), Climate Smart Agriculture, Natural Resource Management and Policy 52, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-61194-5_23 (2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3305874

Giacomo Branca

Università degli studi della Tuscia ( email )

Rettorato, Via S.M.in Gradi n.4
Viterbo, 01100
Italy

Aslihan Arslan

FAO of the UN (ESA) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
ITALY

UC Davis - Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
SS&H Building
Davis, CA 95616
United States

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

Duesternbrooker Weg 120
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein 24105
Germany

Adriana Paolantonio (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Romina Cavatassi

IFAD ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

Nancy McCarthy

LEAD Analytics ( email )

Washington, DC
United States

N. VanLinh

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, 00153
Italy

Leslie Lipper

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
Italy

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