Vulnerability in Drylands Today

Confronting Drought in Africa's Drylands: Opportunities for Enhancing Resilience, Forthcoming

Posted: 7 Jan 2019

See all articles by Adriana Paolantonio

Adriana Paolantonio

Independent

Michael Morris

World Bank

Pasquale L. Scandizzo

University of Rome

Sara Savastano

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD); University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics; World Bank

Federica Alfani

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Zhe Guo

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Marco D'Errico

Independent

Date Written: December 23, 2018

Abstract

Defines vulnerability and resilience in a way that makes the two concepts easily measurable: (1) people exposed to droughts and other shocks, or people living in dryland areas; (2) people sensitive to drought, or the share of people dependent on agriculture; and (3) people unable to cope with the effects of droughts and other shocks, or the proportion of exposed and sensitive people living below the international poverty line of US$1.25 per person per day. Estimating vulnerability across livelihood strategies in 2010 found the approximately 171 million people living in African drylands and dependent on agriculture included about 26 million pastoralists (livestock-keeping only), 105 million agro-pastoralists (mixed livestock-crop production), and 40 million crop farmers (crop production only). Political economy factors affecting resilience, especially uneven distributions of wealth and power, can lead to the marginalization of many dryland groups, which can lead to skewed distribution of social services, particularly for human health and education.

Suggested Citation

Paolantonio, Adriana and Morris, Michael and Scandizzo, Pasquale Lucio and Savastano, Sara and Alfani, Federica and Zezza, Alberto and Guo, Zhe and D'Errico, Marco, Vulnerability in Drylands Today (December 23, 2018). Confronting Drought in Africa's Drylands: Opportunities for Enhancing Resilience, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3305887

Adriana Paolantonio (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Michael Morris

World Bank

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Pasquale Lucio Scandizzo

University of Rome ( email )

Via Columbia, 2
Rome, I-00133
Italy
+3906/72595929 (Phone)
+3906/2040219 (Fax)

Sara Savastano

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via di Tor Vergata
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy
+390672595639 (Phone)

World Bank

1818 H Street NW
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Federica Alfani

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
ITALY

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
Italy

Zhe Guo

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Marco D'Errico

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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