Gender in the Labor Market: The Role of Equal Opportunity and Family-Friendly Policies

53 Pages Posted: 26 Dec 2018

See all articles by Elizabeth Doran

Elizabeth Doran

Columbia University - School of Social Work

Ann P. Bartel

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jane Waldfogel

Columbia University - School of Social Work

Date Written: December 2018

Abstract

Although the gender wage gap in the U.S. has narrowed, women’s career trajectories diverge from men’s after the birth of children, suggesting a potential role for family-friendly policies. We provide new evidence on employer provision of these policies. Using the American Time Use Survey, we find that women are less likely than men to have access to any employer-provided paid leave and this differential is entirely explained by part-time status. Using the NLSY97, we find that young women are more likely to have access to specifically designated paid parental leave, even in part-time jobs. Both datasets show insignificant gender differentials in access to employer-subsidized child care and access to scheduling flexibility. We conclude with a discussion of policy implications

Suggested Citation

Doran, Elizabeth and Bartel, Ann P. and Waldfogel, Jane, Gender in the Labor Market: The Role of Equal Opportunity and Family-Friendly Policies (December 2018). NBER Working Paper No. w25378, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3306080

Elizabeth Doran (Contact Author)

Columbia University - School of Social Work ( email )

622 W. 113th Street
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Ann P. Bartel

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Jane Waldfogel

Columbia University - School of Social Work ( email )

622 W. 113th Street
New York, NY 10025
United States

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