Explaining Gender Differentials in Agricultural Production in Nigeria

Posted: 8 Jan 2019

See all articles by Paul Winters

Paul Winters

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Gbemisola Oseni

World Bank

Paul Corral

American University - Department of Economics

Markus Goldstein

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 21, 2015

Abstract

This article uses data from the General Household Survey Panel 2010–2011 to analyze differences in agricultural productivity across male and female plot managers in Nigeria. The analysis utilizes the Oaxaca‐Blinder decomposition method, which allows for decomposing the unconditional gender gap into: (i) the portion caused by observable differences in the factors of production (endowment effect) and (ii) the unexplained portion caused by differences in returns to the same observed factors of production (structural effect). The analysis is conducted separately for the North and South regions, excluding the west of the country. The findings show that in the North, women produce 28% less than men after controlling for observed factors of production, while there are no significant gender differences in the South. In the decomposition results, the structural effect in the North is larger than the endowment at the mean. Although women in the North have access to less productive resources than men, the results indicate that even if given the same level of inputs, significant differences still emerge. However, for the South, the decomposition results show that the endowment effect is more important than the structural effect. Access to resources explains most of the gender gap in the South and if women are given the same level of inputs as men, the gap will be minimal. The difference in the results for the North and South suggests that policy should vary by region.

Suggested Citation

Winters, Paul and Oseni, Gbemisola and Corral, Paul and Goldstein, Markus P., Explaining Gender Differentials in Agricultural Production in Nigeria (March 21, 2015). Agricultural Economics, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3306608

Paul Winters (Contact Author)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

Gbemisola Oseni

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Paul Corral

American University - Department of Economics

4400 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20016-8029
United States

Markus P. Goldstein

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
75
PlumX Metrics