Patterns of Rural Development: A Cross-Country Comparison Using Microeconomic Data

Posted: 8 Jan 2019

See all articles by Paul Winters

Paul Winters

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa

Calogero Carletto

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Date Written: August 12, 2010

Abstract

This article proposes a general pattern of rural development in which increases in per capita income are associated with a decline in the importance of agricultural production and a rise in the importance of non‐agricultural income sources. Following the approach to examining Engel’s Law, we use data from 15 developing countries and a merged dataset to test whether such a pattern emerges. The analysis shows a strong, positive relationship between per capita income and the share of income earned from rural non‐agricultural wage employment and a negative relationship between per capita income and agricultural production.

Suggested Citation

Winters, Paul and Davis, Benjamin and Carletto, Calogero and Zezza, Alberto, Patterns of Rural Development: A Cross-Country Comparison Using Microeconomic Data (August 12, 2010). Agricultural Economics, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3306662

Paul Winters (Contact Author)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa ( email )

P. O. Box 4884
Pretoria
South Africa

Calogero Carletto

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
Italy

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