A Cross-Country Comparison of Rural Income Generating Activities

Posted: 8 Jan 2019

See all articles by Paul Winters

Paul Winters

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa

Calogero Carletto

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Esteban J. Quiñones

University of Wisconsin - Madison

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Kostas Stamoulis

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Stefania Di Giuseppe

UN FAO

Carlo Azzarri

CGIAR-IFPRI

Date Written: January 2010

Abstract

This paper uses a newly constructed cross-country database composed of comparable income aggregates to examine the full range of income generating activities carried out by rural households. The analysis paints a clear picture of multiple activities across rural space in countries on all four continents, though less so in the included African countries. For most countries the largest share of income stems from off-farm activities, and the largest share of households has diversified sources of income. Diversification, not specialization, is the norm. Nevertheless, agricultural sources of income remain critically important for rural livelihoods in all countries.

Suggested Citation

Winters, Paul and Davis, Benjamin and Carletto, Calogero and Quiñones, Esteban J. and Zezza, Alberto and Stamoulis, Kostas and Di Giuseppe, Stefania and Azzarri, Carlo, A Cross-Country Comparison of Rural Income Generating Activities (January 2010). World Development, Vol. 38, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3306670

Paul Winters (Contact Author)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa ( email )

P. O. Box 4884
Pretoria
South Africa

Calogero Carletto

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Esteban J. Quiñones

University of Wisconsin - Madison ( email )

716 Langdon Street
Madison, WI 53706-1481
United States

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
Italy

Kostas Stamoulis

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
ITALY

Stefania Di Giuseppe

UN FAO ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
ITALY

Carlo Azzarri

CGIAR-IFPRI ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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