Rural Income Generating Activities: Whatever Happened to the Institutional Vacuum? Evidence From Ghana, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Vietnam

Posted: 8 Jan 2019

See all articles by Paul Winters

Paul Winters

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa

Calogero Carletto

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Kostas Stamoulis

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Date Written: July 2009

Abstract

This paper assesses the current rural development practice against the main trends in recent rural development thinking, based on evidence from four country case studies. While much progress has been made in understanding the need to look beyond only agriculture for the promotion of productive activities in rural areas, and the “institutional vacuum” consistently identified in the rural non-farm (RNF) literature is gradually being filled, much remains to be done. One aspect on which more research is particularly needed is the development of better mechanisms to promote productive investment rather than just social investment and to assess the appropriate level — community, regional, and national — at which to do this.

Suggested Citation

Winters, Paul and Davis, Benjamin and Carletto, Calogero and Stamoulis, Kostas and Zezza, Alberto, Rural Income Generating Activities: Whatever Happened to the Institutional Vacuum? Evidence From Ghana, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Vietnam (July 2009). World Development, Vol. 37, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3306677

Paul Winters (Contact Author)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa ( email )

P. O. Box 4884
Pretoria
South Africa

Calogero Carletto

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Kostas Stamoulis

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
ITALY

Alberto Zezza

United Nations - Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ( email )

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Lazio 00100
Italy

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