Do Conditional Cash Transfers Influence Migration?: A Study Using Experimental Data From the Mexican Progresa Program

Demography, 2005

Posted: 8 Jan 2019

See all articles by Paul Winters

Paul Winters

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa

Guy Stecklov

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Faculty of Social Sciences

Marco Stampini

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: November 2005

Abstract

Prior research on Mexican migration has shown that social networks and economic incentives play an important role in determining migration outcomes. We use experimental data from PROGRESA, Mexico’s primary poverty-reduction program, to evaluate the effects of conditional cash transfers on migration both domestically and to the United States. Our study complements a growing body of literature aimed at overcoming longstanding hurdles to the establishment of causal validity in empirical studies of migration. Analysis based on the data collected before and after the program’s onset shows that conditional transfers reduce U.S. migration but not domestic migration. The data also enable us to explore the role of existing family and community migration networks. The results show that migration networks strongly influence migration, but that the effect of conditional transfers on migration is apparently not mediated by existing migration network structures. Our results suggest that conditional transfers may be helpful in managing rural out-migration, particularly to the United States.

Suggested Citation

Winters, Paul and Davis, Benjamin and Stecklov, Guy and Stampini, Marco, Do Conditional Cash Transfers Influence Migration?: A Study Using Experimental Data From the Mexican Progresa Program (November 2005). Demography, 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3306690

Paul Winters (Contact Author)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

Benjamin Davis

UNICEF South Africa ( email )

P. O. Box 4884
Pretoria
South Africa

Guy Stecklov

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

Jerusalem
Israel

Marco Stampini

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
78
PlumX Metrics