E-Health Biosensor Platform for Non-invasive Health Monitoring for the Elderly in Low Resource Setting
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Science (IJBES), Vol. 5, No. 3/4, October 2018
16 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2019
Date Written: 2018
New technologies in the field of tele-health using biosensor systems for non-invasive vital signs monitoring of patients, especially elderly people who need long-term care, and marginalized areas with hard to reach health care services are emerging. A study involving a self-care approach within the cardiac domain, where late detection increases the likelihood of patient disability or of premature death is proposed. In the study the application of e-health biosensors platform in medical services is experimented. The study resulted into the synthesis of vital signs from various body positions with biosensors that does not require a full coupled system. A model for the prevention of cardiovascular disease management based on noninvasive personal health monitoring systems with easy access for everybody, at any time or location is designed. A personal vital sign system such as ECG sensor which contain the functionality, allows recording anywhere and at any time a diagnostic quality ECG and analyzing it “on-board” by comparing it to a reference ECG, is modelled. The model called Mobile Health for the Elderly Persons (MOHELP) which relies on with application in estimation and control of boolean processes based on noisy and incomplete measurements is designed. This enabled a reliable recommendation from a digital artificial intelligence-based diagnosis, which can support an elderly person to take timely and correct decisions upon his (her) health status. In a case of urgency, the assistant puts the elderly person in a contact with healthcare providers. The signal pattern sensitivity related to sensors placement is one of the issues this study addressed using e-sensor platform. Sensors displacement errors have a direct impact on the medical diagnosis, especially if the diagnostic procedure is automated. The study resulted into the formulation of a methodology for e-Health Sensor Platform, in software architecture terms, that permits use of system biosensors to adapt to the user-specific context for self-healthcare.
Keywords: e-Health, Biosensor, eHealth sensor platform, elderly persons, vital signs, ECG
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