Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (Introduction)

Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (2018)

10 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2019

See all articles by Rafael Leal-Arcas

Rafael Leal-Arcas

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law

Date Written: December 21, 2018


The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique article-by-article textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT provides a multilateral framework for cross-border co-operation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.

By binding governments to commitments that guarantee open markets, non-discrimination, and access for foreign investment, the ECT aims to strengthen the global rule of law on energy issues and, in doing so, reduce the risks associated with energy-related investment and trade.

Expert contributors provide commentary and analysis on the five primary areas of the ECT: investment promotion and protection, trade, transit, environmental protection, and dispute settlement. The optional protocols are also addressed, including various issues such as energy efficiency and the environment.

Clearly and logically organised, this commentary is an invaluable reference tool for those wanting to better understand the intricacies of the Treaty and its binding commitments. The Commentary will be an essential resource for practitioners, academics, and policymakers across the field of energy law and policy.

Keywords: Energy Charter Treaty, international energy law and policy, energy security, energy investment, energy trade, energy dispute settlement

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Leal-Arcas, Rafael, Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (Introduction) (December 21, 2018). Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (2018), Available at SSRN:

Rafael Leal-Arcas (Contact Author)

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law ( email )

Lincoln's Inn Fields
Holborn, London WC2A 3JB
United Kingdom


Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics