Arbitrage Free Dispersion
78 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2019 Last revised: 11 Apr 2019
Date Written: August 10, 2018
We develop a theory of arbitrage-free dispersion (AFD) that characterizes the testable restrictions of asset pricing models. AFD measures Jensen’s gap in the cumulant generating function of pricing kernels and returns. It implies a wide family of model-free dispersion constraints, which extend dispersion and co-dispersion bounds in the literature and are applicable with a unifying approach in multivariate and multiperiod settings. Empirically, the dispersion of stationary and martingale pricing kernel components in the benchmark long-run risk model yields a counterfactual dependence of short- vs. long-maturity bond returns and is insufficient for pricing optimal portfolios of market equity and short-term bonds.
Keywords: Arbitrage-Free Dispersion, Cumulant Generating Function, Convexity, Convex Inequalities, Jensen’s Gap, Pricing Kernel Bounds, Entropy, Long-Run Risk Models, Tests of Asset Pricing Models
JEL Classification: G12, G15, C14, C52, C58
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation