The Psychology of Corruption: The Role of the Counterfeit Self, Entity Self-Theory, and Outcome-Based Ethical Mindset
Journal of Psychological & Educational Research 26 (2), 7-32 (2018)
16 Pages Posted: 22 Jan 2019
Date Written: December 1, 2018
Two studies were conducted aimed at identifying the dynamics which contribute to corrupt behavior. Study 1 was a correlational study of 994 senior high school students (457 males, 537 females; 426 from North Sumatera, 568 from West Kalimantan; Mage=15.93 years, SDage=1.123 years), with a data analysis technique of structural equation modelling, to test the significance of the role of the counterfeit self (predictor) as well as an ethical mindset and self-theory (moderator candidates), in predicting moral disengagement (the dependent variable of Study 1, as the proxy of corruption behavior). Study 2 was a quasi-experimental study of 154 university students in Jakarta (68 men, 86 women; Mage=19.167 years, SDage=1.476 years) to test the hypotheses of the moderating effects of an outcome-based ethical mindset and entity self-theory on the effects of the counterfeit self on corruption behavior (dependent variable Study 2, operationally defined as performance in a bribery game) with a data analysis technique of the two-way ANOVA. The results of these studies (Study 1 and Study 2) generally confirm the hypotheses proposed. This was the first time the corruption psychological theoretical model had been examined in Indonesia, based on performance in a corruption game.
Keywords: counterfeit self, inauthenticity, corruption, moral mindset, implicit theory
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