Immigration and Economic Freedom of the US States: Does the Institutional Quality of Immigrants’ Origin Countries Matter?
45 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2019 Last revised: 9 Mar 2020
Date Written: February 25, 2020
This paper examines whether the institutional quality of immigrants’ origin countries matters when testing the relationship between immigration and the US states’ economic freedom scores. Our results show that, in the short run, the relationship between economic freedom and immigrants from countries ranked in the second quartile of the Fraser Institute’s Economic Freedom of the World report is negative and statistically significant, but it is not economically significant. In the long run, the relationship between economic freedom and immigrants from countries ranked in the bottom quartile of the EFW report is positive and statistically significant, but it is not economically significant. For other immigrant groups coming from countries that rank higher in terms of economic freedom, the relationship is negative but is not statistically significant or is weakly significant. Our results are robust to various specifications.
Keywords: Economic Freedom, Immigration, Institutions, State Government
JEL Classification: F22, H70, O43
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation