Distributed Data Protection and Liability on Blockchains
INTERNET SCIENCE. 5th International Conference, INSCI 2018. St.Petersburg, Russia, October 24-26, 2018. Proceedings, Vol. 2. Workshops
Institute for Information Law Research Paper No. 2019-03
11 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2019 Last revised: 18 Apr 2019
Date Written: January 16, 2019
Blockchains and the GDPR pursue similar objectives where they seek to grant users greater control over their personal data. While the latter pursues this goal by imposing duties of care to centralised controllers and collectors of data, blockchains go a step beyond by trying to eliminate these stakeholders and the need to trust them. Nevertheless, the rules set out by the GDPR apply whenever personal data are at stake, and various actors of the blockchain ecosystem risk liability for controlling of processing data in violation of privacy requirements. A possible solution is to re-contextualise the concepts of data controlling and responsibility, as framed by the GDPR, in light of blockchains’ enhanced individual autonomy. In this paper, we set the framework for a further inquiry on the role of users as both data subjects and data controllers of distributed ledgers.
Keywords: Blockchain, Decentralization, Data Protection, GDPR
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