Human Smuggling Under Risk: Evidence From the Mediterranean

17 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2019 Last revised: 22 May 2019

See all articles by Kara Ross Camarena

Kara Ross Camarena

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Sarah Claudy

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Jijun Wang

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Austin L. Wright

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

Since 2007, the number of refugees fleeing conflict and violence has doubled to about 25 million. Mass migration has destabilized the European Union, lead to broad changes in national immigration policies, and triggered the resurgence of far right, xenophobic political parties. Yet little is known about how illicit human smuggling institutions may be driving migration and the subsequent political changes. We leverage granular data on migrant flows across the Mediterranean, coupled with information about sea routes, riots at port cities, and wave conditions, to conduct two studies. We find substantial evidence that migrant flows respond to political and environmental risks as well as a government-led counter-smuggling intervention. These findings clarify drivers of migration and suggest actions that can be taken to mitigate human smuggling.

Suggested Citation

Camarena, Kara Ross and Claudy, Sarah and Wang, Jijun and Wright, Austin L., Human Smuggling Under Risk: Evidence From the Mediterranean (April 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3316970 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3316970

Kara Ross Camarena

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Sarah Claudy

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Jijun Wang

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Austin L. Wright (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.austinlwright.com

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