The Impact of Dual Apprenticeship Programs on Early Labour Market Outcomes: A Dynamic Approach

51 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2019

See all articles by Brecht Neyt

Brecht Neyt

Ghent University

Dieter Verhaest

Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUBrussel)

Stijn Baert

Ghent University; University of Antwerp; Catholic University of Louvain (UCL); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)


This study examines the impact of enrolling into dual apprenticeship programs in secondary education on six early employment outcomes. Our contribution to the literature is threefold. First, we estimate – within the same, Belgian secondary education framework – the effects of two distinct types of dual programs that combine part-time school- or training centre-based instruction with an apprenticeship in a firm. Second, these effects are identified by estimating a dynamic model capturing subsequent educational and labour market outcomes to control for the dynamic selection of students into dual programs.Third, this approach enables us to distinguish between the programs' direct effects (conditional on educational achievement) and indirect effects (via educational achievement). We find evidence for short-term labour market advantages but only for the program with the most days of in-field training. With these findings we contribute to the international discussion on the optimal design of vocational programs.

Keywords: vocational education, transitions in youth, dynamic selection, education, labour

JEL Classification: I21, I26, J21

Suggested Citation

Neyt, Brecht and Verhaest, Dieter and Baert, Stijn, The Impact of Dual Apprenticeship Programs on Early Labour Market Outcomes: A Dynamic Approach. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12011. Available at SSRN:

Brecht Neyt (Contact Author)

Ghent University ( email )

Coupure Links 653
Gent, 9000

Dieter Verhaest

Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUBrussel) ( email )

Stormstraat 2
Brussels, 1000

Stijn Baert

Ghent University ( email )

University of Antwerp ( email )

Prinsstraat 13
Antwerp, Antwerp 2000

HOME PAGE: http://

Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) ( email )

Place Montesquieu, 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348

HOME PAGE: http://

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072


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