Connecting to Economic Opportunity? The Role of Public Transport in Promoting Women's Employment in Lima

44 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2019

See all articles by Daniel Martinez

Daniel Martinez

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Oscar A. Mitnik

Inter-American Development Bank; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Edgar Salgado

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Lynn Scholl

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Patricia Yañez-Pagans

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Abstract

Limited access to safe transportation is one of the greatest challenges to labor force participation faced by women in developing countries. This paper quantifies the causal impacts of improved urban transport systems in women´s employment outcomes, looking at Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and elevated light rail investments in the metropolitan region of Lima, Perú. We find large gains in employment and earnings per hour among women, and not for men, due to these investments. Most of the gains arise on the extensive margin, with more women being employed, but employment does not appear to be of higher quality than that for comparison groups.We find also evidence of an increase in the use of public transport. Results are robust to alternative specifications and we do not find evidence that they are driven by neighborhood composition changes. Overall, these findings suggest that infrastructure investments that make it more convenient and safer for women to use public transport can generate important labor market impacts for women who reside in the area of influence of the improved infrastructure.

Keywords: urban transport, gender, employment, impact evaluation

JEL Classification: J01, J16, O12, R40

Suggested Citation

Martinez, Daniel and Mitnik, Oscar A. and Salgado, Edgar and Scholl, Lynn and Yañez-Pagans, Patricia, Connecting to Economic Opportunity? The Role of Public Transport in Promoting Women's Employment in Lima. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12020. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3318780

Daniel Martinez (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Oscar A. Mitnik

Inter-American Development Bank ( email )

1300 New York Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Edgar Salgado

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Lynn Scholl

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Patricia Yañez-Pagans

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

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