Gender Quotas or Girls' Networks? Evidence from an Italian Research Selection

45 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2019

See all articles by Daniele Checchi

Daniele Checchi

Università degli Studi di Milano - Dipartimento di Economia Politica e Aziendale (DEPA); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; IRVAPP

Simona Cicognani

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Nevena Kulic

European University Institute

Abstract

This article investigates the role of the gender composition of selection committees and the role of connections in promoting women in research activities. Exploiting a newly collected data set on recruitment processes to entry-level research positions in a leading Italian research centre operating mainly in the hard sciences, the study finds that bias against women manifests itself at non-tenured entry level and is attenuated by the presence of a woman on the selection committee.However, the most important predictor for recruitment in the study is previous connections with the research centre, a mechanism which, due the lower density of network links with the institute among female candidates, operates as a selection device discriminating against women. The results suggest that gender of the committee members, network structure and type of recruitment must all be taken into account in approaching recruitment policy and that very early stages of scientific careers are crucial for addressing gender bias in research.

Keywords: connections, gender bias, gender quotas, Italy, research recruitment

JEL Classification: J70

Suggested Citation

Checchi, Daniele and Cicognani, Simona and Kulic, Nevena, Gender Quotas or Girls' Networks? Evidence from an Italian Research Selection. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3318782 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3318782

Daniele Checchi (Contact Author)

Università degli Studi di Milano - Dipartimento di Economia Politica e Aziendale (DEPA) ( email )

Milan, 20122
Italy
+39 02 5032 1519 (Phone)
+39 02 5032 1505 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

IRVAPP ( email )

Via Santa Croce 77
Trento, I-38122
Italy

Simona Cicognani

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Sernesiplatz 1
Bozen-Bolzano, BZ 39100
Italy

Nevena Kulic

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

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