The Impact of Brexit on International Students' Return Intentions

49 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2019

See all articles by Jane Falkingham

Jane Falkingham

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI)

Corrado Giulietti

Department of Economics

Jackline Wahba

University of Southampton, Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Chuhong Wang

University of Southampton

Abstract

This paper is the first attempt to study the causal impact of "Brexit", namely the UK's departure from the European Union (EU), on the post-graduation mobility decisions of EU students in the UK. We exploit the British government's formal withdrawal notification under Article 50 as a natural experiment and employ a difference-in-differences design. Using data from a new survey of graduating international students, we find that EU graduating students are significantly more likely than non-EU graduating students to plan on leaving the UK upon graduation immediately after the announcement.Interestingly, results are especially driven by students from the new EU countries and students from the EU14 countries who are undecided of their migration plans. We further show that the deterrent effects are heterogeneous and depend on age and subject among others. These findings carry important implications for post-Brexit UK and for other European countries with emerging calls for their own referendums.

Keywords: Brexit, Article 50, higher education, international students, intention to leave

JEL Classification: J15, J61

Suggested Citation

Falkingham, Jane and Giulietti, Corrado and Wahba, Jackline and Wang, Chuhong, The Impact of Brexit on International Students' Return Intentions. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12032. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3318806

Jane Falkingham (Contact Author)

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI) ( email )

Southampton SO17 1BJ
United Kingdom

Corrado Giulietti

Department of Economics ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

Jackline Wahba

University of Southampton, Department of Economics ( email )

Southampton, SO171BJ
United Kingdom
+44 23 8059 3996 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/jackiewahba/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Chuhong Wang

University of Southampton

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

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