Marine DNA Viral Macro-and Micro-Diversity From Pole to Pole

50 Pages Posted: 5 Feb 2019

See all articles by Ann Gregory

Ann Gregory

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology

Ahmed Zayed

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology

Nádia Conceição-Neto

KU Leuven - Rega Institute for Medical Research

Ben Temperton

University of Exeter

Ben Bolduc

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology

Adriana Alberti

CEA - Genoscope

Mathieu Ardyna

Sorbonne University

Ksenia Arkhipova

Utrecht University - Theoretical Biology & Bioinformatics

Margaux Carmicheal

Sorbonne University

Corinne Cruaud

Genoscope

Céline Dimier

École Normale Supérieure (ENS) - Institut de Biologie de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure

Guillermo Dominguez-Huerta

Ohio State University (OSU)

Joannie Ferland

Université Laval

Stefanie Kandels-Lewis

European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Yunxiao Liu

Ohio State University (OSU)

Claudie Marec

Université Laval

Stéphane Pesant

University of Bremen

Marc Picheral

Sorbonne University

Sergey Pisarev

Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)

Julie Poulain

University of Paris-Saclay

Jean-Éric Tremblay

Université Laval

Dean Vik

Ohio State University (OSU)

Marcel Babin

Université Laval

Chris Bowler

Université Paris Dauphine - PSL Research University

Alexander Culley

Université Laval

Colomban de Vargas

Sorbonne University

Bas Dutilh

Utrecht University

Daniele Iudicone

Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn

Lee Karp-Boss

University of Maine

Simon Roux

Ohio State University (OSU)

Shinichi Sunagawa

ETH Zurich

Patrick Wincker

University of Paris-Saclay

Matthew Sullivan

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology; Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering

Date Written: January 5, 2019

Abstract

Microbes drive most ecosystems and are modulated by viruses that impact their lifespan, gene flow and metabolic outputs. However, ecosystem-level impacts of viral community diversity remains difficult to assess due to classification issues and few reference genomes. Here we establish a ~12-fold expanded global ocean DNA virome dataset of 195,728 viral populations, now including the Arctic Ocean, and validate that these populations form discrete genotypic clusters. Meta-community analyses revealed five ecological zones throughout the global ocean, including two distinct Arctic regions. Across the zones, local and global patterns and drivers in viral community diversity were established for both macrodiversity (inter-population diversity) and microdiversity (intra-population genetic variation). These patterns sometimes, but not always, paralleled those from macro-organisms and revealed temperate and tropical surface waters and the Arctic as biodiversity hotspots and mechanistic hypotheses to explain them. Such further understanding of ocean viruses is critical for broader inclusion in ecosystem models.

Keywords: Viruses, Metagenomics, Community Ecology, Population Ecology, Species, Marine Biology, Diversity Gradients

Suggested Citation

Gregory, Ann and Zayed, Ahmed and Conceição-Neto, Nádia and Temperton, Ben and Bolduc, Ben and Alberti, Adriana and Ardyna, Mathieu and Arkhipova, Ksenia and Carmicheal, Margaux and Cruaud, Corinne and Dimier, Céline and Dominguez-Huerta, Guillermo and Ferland, Joannie and Kandels-Lewis, Stefanie and Liu, Yunxiao and Marec, Claudie and Pesant, Stéphane and Picheral, Marc and Pisarev, Sergey and Poulain, Julie and Tremblay, Jean-Éric and Vik, Dean and Babin, Marcel and Bowler, Chris and Culley, Alexander and de Vargas, Colomban and Dutilh, Bas and Iudicone, Daniele and Karp-Boss, Lee and Roux, Simon and Sunagawa, Shinichi and Wincker, Patrick and Sullivan, Matthew, Marine DNA Viral Macro-and Micro-Diversity From Pole to Pole (January 5, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3319797 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3319797

Ann Gregory (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology ( email )

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH 43210
United States

Ahmed Zayed

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology ( email )

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH 43210
United States

Nádia Conceição-Neto

KU Leuven - Rega Institute for Medical Research ( email )

Leuven
Belgium

Ben Temperton

University of Exeter ( email )

Northcote House
The Queen's Drive
Exeter, Devon EX4 4QJ
United Kingdom

Ben Bolduc

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology ( email )

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH 43210
United States

Adriana Alberti

CEA - Genoscope ( email )

2 Rue Gaston Cremieux
Evry, 91057
France

Mathieu Ardyna

Sorbonne University ( email )

France

Ksenia Arkhipova

Utrecht University - Theoretical Biology & Bioinformatics ( email )

Vredenburg 138
Utrecht, 3511 BG
Netherlands

Margaux Carmicheal

Sorbonne University ( email )

France

Corinne Cruaud

Genoscope ( email )

France

Céline Dimier

École Normale Supérieure (ENS) - Institut de Biologie de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure ( email )

45 rue d’Ulm
Paris Cedex 05, F-75230
France

Guillermo Dominguez-Huerta

Ohio State University (OSU)

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH OH 43210
United States

Joannie Ferland

Université Laval

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Stefanie Kandels-Lewis

European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Meyerhofstraße 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

Yunxiao Liu

Ohio State University (OSU)

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH OH 43210
United States

Claudie Marec

Université Laval

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Stéphane Pesant

University of Bremen

Universitaetsallee GW I
Bremen, D-28334
Germany

Marc Picheral

Sorbonne University

France

Sergey Pisarev

Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)

Leninsky Ave, 14
Moscow, 119991
Russia

Julie Poulain

University of Paris-Saclay

55 Avenue de Paris
Versailles, 78000
France

Jean-Éric Tremblay

Université Laval

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Dean Vik

Ohio State University (OSU)

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH OH 43210
United States

Marcel Babin

Université Laval

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Chris Bowler

Université Paris Dauphine - PSL Research University

Place du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny
Paris cedex 16, 75775
France

Alexander Culley

Université Laval

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Colomban De Vargas

Sorbonne University

France

Bas Dutilh

Utrecht University

Vredenburg 138
Utrecht, 3511 BG
Netherlands

Daniele Iudicone

Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn

Naples
Italy

Lee Karp-Boss

University of Maine

Orono, ME 04469
United States

Simon Roux

Ohio State University (OSU)

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH OH 43210
United States

Shinichi Sunagawa

ETH Zurich

Rämistrasse 101
ZUE F7
Zürich, 8092
Switzerland

Patrick Wincker

University of Paris-Saclay

55 Avenue de Paris
Versailles, 78000
France

Matthew Sullivan

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Microbiology ( email )

Blankenship Hall-2010
901 Woody Hayes Drive
Columbus, OH 43210
United States

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering ( email )

470 Hitchcock Hall
2070 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210
United States

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