Transboundary Water Resources for People and Nature: Challenges and Opportunities in the Olifants River Basin

48 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2019

See all articles by Alisher Mirzabaev

Alisher Mirzabaev

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF)

Georgina Njiraini

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF)

Gebrelibanos Gebremariam

University of Bonn

Damien Jourdain

University of Pretoria

Emílio Magaia

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

Felita Julio

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

Gerivásia Mosse

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

João Mutondo

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

Eric Mungata

University of Pretoria - Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa

Date Written: January 22, 2019

Abstract

This paper proposes that transboundary water governance needs to become an essential input to sustainable governance of protected natural reserves. The paper reviews the challenges and opportunities for such governance mechanisms, and identifies the factors behind successful practices. Successful transboundary governance of water and nature requires the reduction of associated transaction costs. Firstly, water diplomacy through joint research, data collection and monitoring, capacity building, dialogues for consensus building, promoting responsible leadership and providing advisory support can help in overcoming mistrust between stakeholders and create opportunities for cooperation. Secondly, power asymmetries may hinder transboundary water governance, therefore, there is a need to involve multi-scale links across stakeholders to counter-balance local power asymmetries and engage all stakeholders in consultations and negotiations. Thirdly, transboundary water governance is critically dependent on accurate and transparent data and analysis tools for informing policy decisions. Science-policy interactions for facilitating transboundary water governance were found to be most effective when the knowledge on joint water and nature governance is co-produced in a trans-disciplinary manner, in collaboration with wide-ranging informal networks of scientists, policy makers, and civil society. Finally, transboundary water governance organizations can serve as platforms for facilitating water diplomacy, building trust and cooperation, especially when they are granted the ability to enter into binding cooperative agreements regardless of external political pressures.

Keywords: Transboundary Water and Nature Governance, Game Theory, Transaction Cost, Stakeholder Analysis, Olifants River Basin

JEL Classification: O13, Q01, Q25, Q26, Q51, Q52, Q57

Suggested Citation

Mirzabaev, Alisher and Njiraini, Georgina and Gebremariam, Gebrelibanos and Jourdain, Damien and Magaia, Emílio and Julio, Felita and Mosse, Gerivásia and Mutondo, João and Mungata, Eric, Transboundary Water Resources for People and Nature: Challenges and Opportunities in the Olifants River Basin (January 22, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3320378 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3320378

Alisher Mirzabaev (Contact Author)

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF) ( email )

Walter-Flex-Str. 3
Bonn, NRW 53113
Germany

Georgina Njiraini

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF) ( email )

Walter-Flex-Str. 3
Bonn, NRW 53113
Germany

Gebrelibanos Gebremariam

University of Bonn ( email )

Regina-Pacis-Weg 3
Postfach 2220
Bonn, D-53012
Germany

Damien Jourdain

University of Pretoria ( email )

Physical Address Economic and Management Sciences
Pretoria, Gauteng 0002
South Africa

Emílio Magaia

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

University of Eduardo Mondlane
Maputo
Mozambique

HOME PAGE: http://https://iwega.uem.mz

Felita Julio

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

University of Eduardo Mondlane
Maputo
Mozambique

Gerivásia Mosse

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

University of Eduardo Mondlane
Maputo
Mozambique

João Mutondo

The International Center for Water Economics and Governance in Africa (IWEGA)

University of Eduardo Mondlane
Maputo
Mozambique

Eric Mungata

University of Pretoria - Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa

Physical Address Economic and Management Sciences
Pretoria, Gauteng 0002
South Africa

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