Working Paper: Muslims, Their Identity and Discontent in India

24 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2019 Last revised: 6 Feb 2019

See all articles by Puranjay K. Vedi

Puranjay K. Vedi

University of Delhi - Faculty of Law

Date Written: October 1, 2018


It did not take long that the wall of separation between State and Religion became relative and even expendable, since the more or less obliterated evidences of religious dictates [oral or written] left for believers, became faint with time and thus needed to be revised, rekindled and stimulated. The Black-Letter hegemony, which gave birth to Orthodoxy, had narrowed the approach to deal effectively with modern problems, which were social and political in nature and required a secular intervention, not divine. This altogether gave birth to a modern secular State, having no religious affiliation. If truth be told, the relative nature of wall of separation makes secularism an elusive concept and thus warrants introspection, since more often than not a State maintains an unequal distance with religious communities inter se, sometimes the reasons are known, but not always.

Keywords: Ban on Islamic Hijab, Ban on namaz, Ban on azan, Constitution of India, Indian Citizenship Act, Secularims

Suggested Citation

Vedi, Puranjay K., Working Paper: Muslims, Their Identity and Discontent in India (October 1, 2018). Available at SSRN: or

Puranjay K. Vedi (Contact Author)

University of Delhi - Faculty of Law ( email )

New Delhi

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