The Effects of Status Mobility and Group Identity on Trust

70 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2019

See all articles by Rémi Suchon

Rémi Suchon

University of Lyon 2 - Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE)

Marie Claire Villeval

Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), CNRS; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

In a laboratory experiment we test the interaction effects of status and group identity on interpersonal trust. Natural group identity is generated by school affiliation. Status (expert or agent) is awarded based on relative performance in a math quiz that is ex ante less favorable to the subjects from one group. We find that "promoted" trustors (individuals from the disadvantaged group that nevertheless achieve the status of expert) trust less both in-group and out-group trustees, compared to the other members of their group. Rather than playing against the effects of natural group identity, status promotion singles-out individuals. In contrast, trustworthiness is not affected by status and there is no evidence that interacting with promoted individuals impacts trust or trustworthiness.

Keywords: trust, status, group identity, social mobility, experiment

JEL Classification: C92, D91, J62

Suggested Citation

Suchon, Rémi and Villeval, Marie Claire, The Effects of Status Mobility and Group Identity on Trust. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12086. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3323201

Rémi Suchon (Contact Author)

University of Lyon 2 - Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE) ( email )

93, chemin des Mouilles
Ecully, 69130
France

Marie Claire Villeval

Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), CNRS ( email )

93, chemin des Mouilles
Ecully, 69130
France
+33 472 86 60 79 (Phone)
+33 472 86 60 90 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.gate.cnrs.fr/equipe/perso/villeval/villeval.html

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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