There are No Rights ‘in’ Cyberspace

Research Handbook on Human Rights and Digital Technology, Elgar, ISBN: 9781785367717, January 2019

9 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2019

See all articles by Mark Graham

Mark Graham

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Date Written: January 27, 2019

Abstract

Rights are always bounded, granted, bestowed, enjoyed, received, performed, and violated in real, physical places. The chapter argues that just because actions or interactions happen ‘online’ – or mediated by digital networks – does not mean that they happen in any sort of alternate sphere or space beyond the laws, norms and principles that apply and are practiced elsewhere.

It posits that we have often taken a wrong turn in discussions about digital politics and rights by relying on inaccurate and unhelpful spatial metaphors. In particular, the chapter focuses on the usage of the ‘cyberspace’ metaphor and outlines why the reliance by con- temporary policy-makers on this inherently geographic metaphor matters. The metaphor constrains, enables and structures very distinct ways of imagining the interactions between people, information, code and machines through digital networks. These distinct imaginations, in turn, have real effects on how we enact politics and bring places into being.

The chapter traces the history of ‘cyberspace’, explores the scope of its current usage, and highlights the discursive power of its distinct way of shaping our spatial imagination of the Internet. It then concludes by arguing that we should take the lead in employing alternate, nuanced and spatially grounded ways of envisioning the myriad ways in which the Internet mediates social, economic and political experiences.

Suggested Citation

Graham, Mark, There are No Rights ‘in’ Cyberspace (January 27, 2019). Research Handbook on Human Rights and Digital Technology, Elgar, ISBN: 9781785367717, January 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3323660

Mark Graham (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute ( email )

1 St. Giles
University of Oxford
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.geospace.co.uk

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