Does Climate Influence Households’ Thermal Comfort Decisions?

42 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2019

See all articles by Enrica De Cian

Enrica De Cian

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM); CMCC - Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

Filippo Pavanello

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Teresa Randazzo

University of Kent - Canterbury Campus

Malcolm Mistry

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)

Marinella Davide

CMCC - Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

Date Written: January 16, 2019

Abstract

This paper investigates how households have been adapting to climate change through the use of two technologies important for thermal comfort, air conditioning and thermal insulation. Merging a global gridded dataset of historical temperatures with the 2011 OECD EPIC survey, we study the determinants of installing air conditioning or adopting thermal insulation in response to a warmer climate in eight countries. After controlling for a set of demographic, socio-economic and attitudinal variables, we apply a binary probit model and find that exposure to a warmer climate influences only air conditioning adoption whereas, climatic conditions seem not to affect thermal insulation decisions which, instead, mainly depends on household wealth, dwelling characteristics, age, household size and propensity to energy-saving behaviours. This study does not find any evidence of a possible joint decision for the two technologies.

Keywords: cross-section, climate change, adaptation, energy

JEL Classification: D12, O13, Q4

Suggested Citation

De Cian, Enrica and Pavanello, Filippo and Randazzo, Teresa and Mistry, Malcolm and Davide, Marinella, Does Climate Influence Households’ Thermal Comfort Decisions? (January 16, 2019). University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Dept. of Economics Research Paper Series No. 02/WP/2019 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3324174 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3324174

Enrica De Cian (Contact Author)

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) ( email )

Campo S. M. Formosa, Castello 5252
Venice, 30122
Italy

CMCC - Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici ( email )

via Augusto Imperatore, 16
Lecce, I-73100
Italy

Filippo Pavanello

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

Teresa Randazzo

University of Kent - Canterbury Campus ( email )

Malcolm Mistry

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) ( email )

C.so Magenta 63
Milano, 20123
Italy

Marinella Davide

CMCC - Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici ( email )

via Augusto Imperatore, 16
Lecce, I-73100
Italy

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