Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations

23 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2019 Last revised: 11 Feb 2019

See all articles by Henrik Kleven

Henrik Kleven

Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Camille Landais

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Johanna Posch

European University Institute

Andreas Steinhauer

University of Edinburgh

Josef Zweimüller

University of Zurich - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2019

Abstract

This paper provides evidence on child penalties in female and male earnings in different countries. The estimates are based on event studies around the birth of the first child, using the specification proposed by Kleven et al. (2018). The analysis reveals some striking similarities in the qualitative effects of children across countries, but also sharp differences in the magnitude of the effects. We discuss the potential role of family policies (parental leave and child care provision) and gender norms in explaining the observed differences.

Suggested Citation

Kleven, Henrik and Landais, Camille and Posch, Johanna and Steinhauer, Andreas and Zweimueller, Josef, Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations (January 2019). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13474. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3324208

Henrik Kleven (Contact Author)

Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs ( email )

Princeton University
Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
United States

Camille Landais

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Johanna Posch

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

Andreas Steinhauer

University of Edinburgh ( email )

Old College
South Bridge
Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9JY
United Kingdom

Josef Zweimueller

University of Zurich - Department of Economics ( email )

Zuerich, 8006
Switzerland
+411 634 3724 (Phone)
+411 634 4907 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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