Development of the Project-Level Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (Pro-WEAI)

IFPRI Discussion Paper 1796

68 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2019

See all articles by Hazel Jean Malapit

Hazel Jean Malapit

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Agnes R. Quisumbing

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Ruth S. Meinzen-Dick

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Greg Seymour

CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets

Elena M. Martinez

CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH)

Jessica Heckert

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Deborah Rubin

Cultural Practice, LLC

Ana Vaz

University of Oxford

Kathryn Yount

Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Hubert Department of Global Health ; Emory University - Department of Sociology

Date Written: January 18, 2019

Abstract

In this paper, the authors describe the adaptation and validation of a project-level WEAI (or pro-WEAI) that agricultural development projects can use to identify key areas of women’s (and men’s) disempowerment, design appropriate strategies to address identified deficiencies, and monitor project outcomes related to women’s empowerment. The 12 pro-WEAI indicators are mapped to three domains: intrinsic agency (power within), instrumental agency (power to), and collective agency (power with). A gender parity index compares the empowerment scores of men and women in the same household. The authors describe the development of pro-WEAI, including: (1) pro-WEAI’s distinctiveness from other versions of the WEAI; (2) the process of piloting pro-WEAI in 13 agricultural development projects during the Gender, Agriculture, and Assets Project, phase 2 (GAAP2); (3) analysis of quantitative data from the GAAP2 projects, including intrahousehold patterns of empowerment; and (4) a summary of the findings from the qualitative work exploring concepts of women’s empowerment in the project sites. The paper concludes with a discussion of lessons learned from pro-WEAI and possibilities for further development of empowerment metrics.

Keywords: agricultural development, empowerment, gender, women, gender equality, agency, multidimensional measurement, women's empowerment

Suggested Citation

Malapit, Hazel Jean and Quisumbing, Agnes R. and Meinzen-Dick, Ruth S. and Seymour, Greg and Martinez, Elena M. and Heckert, Jessica and Rubin, Deborah and Vaz, Ana and Yount, Kathryn, Development of the Project-Level Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (Pro-WEAI) (January 18, 2019). IFPRI Discussion Paper 1796. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3324630

Hazel Jean Malapit (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Agnes R. Quisumbing

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Ruth S. Meinzen-Dick

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Greg Seymour

CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets ( email )

United States

Elena M. Martinez

CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Jessica Heckert

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Deborah Rubin

Cultural Practice, LLC ( email )

4300 Montgomery Avenue, Suite 305
Bethesda, MD 20814-4444
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.culturalpractice.com

Ana Vaz

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Kathryn Yount

Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Hubert Department of Global Health ( email )

United States

Emory University - Department of Sociology ( email )

Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

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