Good Is Not Good, When Better Is Expected: Discrepancies Between Ideal and Actual Collectivism and Their Effect on Organizational Commitment

European Management Review, DOI: 10.1111/emre.12347

27 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2019

See all articles by Eleanna Galanaki

Eleanna Galanaki

Athens University of Economics and Business

Giorgos Papagiannakis

Athens University of Economics and Business - Department of Management Science and Technology

Andriana Rapti

University of Nicosia

Date Written: June 29, 2018

Abstract

We draw on social exchange theory to investigate whether discrepancies between ideal and actual organizational collectivism influence the three types of organizational commitment, namely affective, normative, and continuance commitment. We employ the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) project methodology with a sample of 638 employees and find that different manifestations of collectivism discrepancies have heterogeneous effects on commitment. In particular, the results of polynomial regression analyses show that a high discrepancy between ideal and actual institutional collectivism leads to lower affective and normative organizational commitment. In contrast, a discrepancy of in-group collectivism does not affect organizational commitment. The significance of the above results and their practical implications are discussed.

Keywords: Organizational Collectivism; GLOBE Project; Organizational Commitment; Social Exchange Theory; Polynomial Regressions

JEL Classification: M14; M50

Suggested Citation

Galanaki, Eleanna and Papagiannakis, Giorgos and Rapti, Andriana, Good Is Not Good, When Better Is Expected: Discrepancies Between Ideal and Actual Collectivism and Their Effect on Organizational Commitment (June 29, 2018). European Management Review, DOI: 10.1111/emre.12347 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3325160

Eleanna Galanaki (Contact Author)

Athens University of Economics and Business ( email )

Athens
Greece
+30 210 8203473 (Phone)

Giorgos Papagiannakis

Athens University of Economics and Business - Department of Management Science and Technology ( email )

76 Patission Street
Athens, 104 34
Greece

Andriana Rapti

University of Nicosia ( email )

46 Makedonitissas Avenue
Nicosia, Nicosia 24005
Cyprus

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