Work-Family Issues Among Self-Employed Married Women
22 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2019
Date Written: January 31, 2019
Purpose: This study examined work-family, work domain, and satisfaction differences between self-employed married women (N=206) who were independently self-employed (ISE) and those who owned a business with employees (Owners).
Design/Methodology/Approach: ANOVAs and multiple regressions were used to identify differences on the study variables between ISEs and Owners.
Findings: ISEs were significantly more likely to report higher flexibility in managing work and family, that their schedule met their needs, and have higher job satisfaction. Owners reported significantly higher work interfering with family (WIF), work hours, and were more likely to attend to work demands over family demands. Regression analysis revealed differential predictors of WIF for ISEs and Owners. Schedule fit, work hours, and depression were significant for ISEs. Life satisfaction was significant for Owners.
Research Limitations: The identification of self-employed individuals as well as those who were ISEs or Owners was based on single questions. How individuals became self-employed cannot be addressed. The smaller sample size for Owners is a concern but it reflects the reality that ISE is a more accessible to many women.
Originality/Value: The findings indicate that work-family issues and other variables are related to the type of small business for married women. There are similarities and differences between these two groups of married women.
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