At the Intersection of Health and Justice: How the Health of American Indians and Alaska Natives Is Disproportionately Affected by Disparities in the Criminal Justice System

Belmont Law Review, Vol. VI, p. 41 (2018)

Belmont University College of Law Research Paper No. 2019-3

37 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2019

See all articles by Bette Jacobs

Bette Jacobs

Georgetown University - School of Nursing & Health Studies

Mehgan Gallagher

O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law; New York Law School

Nicole Heydt

Prometheus Federal Services

Date Written: 2018

Abstract

American Indian and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) are a neglected population in the United States. Their health and welfare needs are often swept aside and, because of historical treaty agreements with the United States government, they suffer disparities in the justice system and, consequently, poor health. A deep look into everyday life for an AI/AN tells a story of poverty and relatively low life expectancy, proportionately high incidences of disease, high rates of incarceration, and prolific alcohol and substance abuse. AI/ANs are incarcerated at a higher rate proportionately than their white counterparts. They experience harsher sentences, due in part to jurisdictional laws, and they are the racial group most likely to be killed by law enforcement. This paper highlights concerns about how disparities in the justice system impact the health of AI/ANs.

Keywords: American Indian and Alaska Natives (AI/AN), Health Care

Suggested Citation

Jacobs, Bette and Gallagher, Mehgan and Heydt, Nicole, At the Intersection of Health and Justice: How the Health of American Indians and Alaska Natives Is Disproportionately Affected by Disparities in the Criminal Justice System (2018). Belmont Law Review, Vol. VI, p. 41 (2018); Belmont University College of Law Research Paper No. 2019-3. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3327498

Bette Jacobs (Contact Author)

Georgetown University - School of Nursing & Health Studies ( email )

3700 Reservoir Road
Washington, DC 20057-1107
United States

Mehgan Gallagher

O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

New York Law School ( email )

185 West Broadway
New York, NY 10013
United States

Nicole Heydt

Prometheus Federal Services ( email )

805 15th St. NW, Suite 910
Washington DC, 20005
United States

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