Inclusive Development in Environmental Sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from Governance Mechanisms

Sustainable Development, 27(4), pp. 713-724 (2019)

A G D I Working Paper WP/19/006

21 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2019 Last revised: 16 Aug 2019

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Nicholas Odhiambo

University of South Africa - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 3, 2019

Abstract

This research examines the relevance of inclusive development in modulating the role of governance on environmental degradation. The study focuses on forty-four countries in sub-Saharan Africa for the period 2000-2012. The Generalised Method of Moments is employed as the empirical strategy and CO2 emissions per capita is used to measure environmental pollution. Bundled and unbundled governance dynamics are employed, notably: political governance (consisting of political stability/no violence and “voice and accountability”), economic governance (encompassing government effectiveness and regulation quality), institutional governance (entailing corruption-control and the rule of law), and general governance (a composite measure of political governance, economic governance and institutional governance). The following main findings are established. First, the underlying net effect in the moderating role of inclusive development in the governance-CO2 emissions nexus is not significant in regressions pertaining to political governance and economic governance. Second, there are positive net effects from the relevance of inclusive development in modulating the effects of regulation quality, economic governance and general governance on CO2 emissions. The significant and insignificant effects are elucidated. Policy implications are discussed.

Keywords: CO2 Emissions; Governance; Sustainable Development; Sub-Saharan Africa

JEL Classification: C52; O38; O40; O55; P37

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Odhiambo, Nicholas, Inclusive Development in Environmental Sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from Governance Mechanisms (February 3, 2019). A G D I Working Paper WP/19/006 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3328011 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3328011

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Nicholas Odhiambo

University of South Africa - Department of Economics ( email )

PO Box 392
Pretoria, 0003
South Africa

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