Enhancing ICT for Quality Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Education and Information Technologies, 24(5), pp. 2823–2839 (2019).

18 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2019 Last revised: 20 Aug 2019

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Nicholas Odhiambo

University of South Africa - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 3, 2019

Abstract

This research assesses the relevance of information and communication technology (ICT) in primary education quality in a panel of 49 Sub-Saharan African countries for the period 2000-2012. The empirical evidence is based on Two Stage Least Squares (2SLS) and Instrumental Quantile regressions (IQR). From the 2SLS: (i) mobile phone and internet penetration rates reduce poor quality education and enhancing internet penetration has a net negative effect of greater magnitude. From the IQR: (i) with the exception of the highest quantile for mobile phone penetration and top quantiles for internet penetration, ICT consistently has a negative effect on poor education quality with a non-monotonic pattern. (ii) Net negative effects are exclusively apparent in the median and top quantiles of internet-related regressions. It follows that enhancing internet penetration will benefit countries with above-median levels of poor education quality while enhancing internet penetration is not immediately relevant to reducing poor education quality in countries with below-median levels of poor education quality.

Keywords: ICT; Primary School Education; Development; Sub-Saharan Africa

JEL Classification: F24; F63; L96; O30; O55

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Odhiambo, Nicholas, Enhancing ICT for Quality Education in Sub-Saharan Africa (February 3, 2019). Education and Information Technologies, 24(5), pp. 2823–2839 (2019)., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3328012 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3328012

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Nicholas Odhiambo

University of South Africa - Department of Economics ( email )

PO Box 392
Pretoria, 0003
South Africa

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