Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C Virus Infection at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan
25 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2019More...
Introduction: The prevalence of Hepatitis B and C virus infections is high and the guidelines are not sufficiently effective to control prevalence. There are some countries and areas where no prevalence data for viral hepatitis is available for hospitalized patients. This work focuses on the prevalence of Hepatitis B and C virus infections in hospitalized patients and outdoor attendees.
Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional observational study for seven months conducted at Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan that included Hospitalized patients and outdoor attendees referred by the Physician/Surgeon for Viral Hepatitis screening. Three ml of venous blood collected from 2003 subjects and processed to investigate infection by ELISA.
Results: The highest prevalence of HBV was 4.2% in the patients of Surgery and Medicine and the lowest in Orthopedics, Urology, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Intensive Care Unit, Ear Throat and Nose, Eye >0.001%. The highest prevalence of Hepatitis C virus was in Medicine 22.90% and lowest was in Pediatrics >0.001%. The highest prevalence of HBV was 4.55% in the age range of 61-75 and lowest >0.001% in 76-90 years. Age group 46-60 years showed the highest 19.07% and 16-30 years the lowest 6.44% prevalence of Hepatitis C virus infection. Observed HBV-positive participants were 60.78% males and 39.22% females. While among participants Hepatitis C Virus (Positive) 50.90% males and 49.10% were females.
Conclusions: The prevalence of HBV and HCV is very high. There should be more effective policies operation.
Funding Statement: This study was partially supported by BBH Rawalpindi, which was limited to available resources of the Hospital. [Letter No.6/BBH. Dated 16.06.2016]. No funding as a separate grant was received for this study.
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no competing interest.
Ethics Approval Statement: The study was approved by the Ethical Committe at Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi.
Keywords: Hepatitis B; Hepatitis C; Indoor patients; Outdoor patients; Prevalence
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