Intrahousehold Empowerment Gaps in Agriculture and Children's Well‐Being in Bangladesh

28 Pages Posted: 5 Feb 2019

See all articles by Hazel Jean Malapit

Hazel Jean Malapit

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Esha Sraboni

Brown University - Department of Sociology

Agnes R. Quisumbing

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Akhter U. Ahmed

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: March 2019

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between empowerment gaps between spouses and children's nutritional status and education using nationally representative data from the 2012 Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey. We measure relative empowerment of spouses using the recently developed Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index. We find that while gender gaps in empowerment are only linked weakly to children's nutritional status, fathers’ and mothers’ empowerment have different effects on investment in children. Fathers’ empowerment is positively associated with younger children's nutrition and schooling, while mothers’ empowerment is more important for girls’ education in general and in keeping older boys and girls in school.

Keywords: Bangladesh, education, gender, nutrition, women's empowerment

Suggested Citation

Malapit, Hazel Jean and Sraboni, Esha and Quisumbing, Agnes R. and Ahmed, Akhter U., Intrahousehold Empowerment Gaps in Agriculture and Children's Well‐Being in Bangladesh (March 2019). Development Policy Review, Vol. 37, Issue 2, pp. 176-203, 2019. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3328846 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12374

Hazel Jean Malapit (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Esha Sraboni

Brown University - Department of Sociology ( email )

Providence, RI
United States

Agnes R. Quisumbing

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Akhter U. Ahmed

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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