Models for Predicting Business Bankruptcies and Their Application to Banking and Financial Regulation
18 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2019 Last revised: 26 Feb 2021
Date Written: February 5, 2019
Models for predicting business bankruptcies have evolved rapidly. Machine learning is displacing traditional statistical methodologies. Three distinct techniques for approaching the classification problem in bankruptcy prediction have emerged: single classification, hybrid classifiers, and classifier ensembles. Methodological heterogeneity through the introduction and integration of machine-learning algorithms (especially support vector machines, decision trees, and genetic algorithms) has improved the accuracy of bankruptcy prediction models. Improved natural language processing has enabled machine learning to combine textual analysis of corporate filings with evaluation of numerical data. Greater accuracy promotes external processes of banks by minimizing credit risk and by facilitating regulatory compliance.
Keywords: bankruptcy prediction, classifier ensembles, hybrid classifiers, support vector machine, genetic algorithm, credit risk
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