Remittances, Finance and Industrialisation in Africa
Journal of Multinational Financial Management, 49 (March), pp. 54-66 (2019)
32 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2019 Last revised: 28 Mar 2019
Date Written: January 6, 2019
The paper assesses how remittances directly and indirectly affect industrialisation using a panel of 49 African countries for the period 1980-2014. The indirect impact is assessed through financial development channels. The empirical evidence is based on three interactive and non-interactive simultaneity-robust estimation techniques, namely: (i) Instrumental Fixed Effects (FE) to control for the unobserved heterogeneity; (ii) Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) to control for persistence in industrialisation and (iii) Instrumental Quantile Regressions (QR) to account for initial levels of industrialisation. The non-interactive specification elucidates direct effects of remittances on industrialisation whereas interactive specifications explain indirect impacts. The findings broadly show that for certain initial levels of industrialisation, remittances can drive industrialisation through the financial development mechanism. Policy implications are discussed.
Keywords: Africa; Diaspora; Financial Development; Industrialisation; Remittances
JEL Classification: F24; F43; G20; O55
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation