Population Growth Problems and Food Security in Nigeria

30 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2019

See all articles by Kunle Oguntegbe

Kunle Oguntegbe

University of Greenwich - University of Greenwich; affiliation not provided to SSRN

Victor Okoruwa

University of Ibadan - Department of Agricultural Economics

Ogheneruemu Obi-Egbedi

University of Ibadan

Kehinde Olagunju

Saint Istvan University

Date Written: October 31, 2018

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of population growth on food production in Nigeria using secondary data on food production index and population growth rate obtained within the period of 1980 to 2011. Time series nature of data was adequately investigated using unit root tests. Engle-Granger causality test was also performed on the two variables of interest- food production index and population growth rates. Two standard econometric methodologies were employed. Ordinary Least Square regression and Instrumental Variable technique were both employed in estimating the model.

Empirical finding from the OLS indicates that population growth is positively related to food production. However, the Instrumental Variable Approach produced a more interesting result; an increase in population growth rate significantly reduces food output. It is therefore pertinent for Nigeria to check her population growth rate in order to avoid population explosion and its attendant consequence. Suggested population control measures include legislation against polygamy as well as placing a ceiling on the number of birth allowable per family. Primary education should also be promoted by the Government just as better health care facilities should be put in place to increase longevity.

Keywords: Instrumental Variable, Food security, Population Growth

Suggested Citation

Oguntegbe, Kunle Francis and Okoruwa, Victor and Obi-Egbedi, Ogheneruemu and Olagunju, Kehinde, Population Growth Problems and Food Security in Nigeria (October 31, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3330999 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3330999

Kunle Francis Oguntegbe (Contact Author)

University of Greenwich - University of Greenwich ( email )

United Kingdom

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Victor Okoruwa

University of Ibadan - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

Ibadan
Nigeria

Ogheneruemu Obi-Egbedi

University of Ibadan ( email )

Ibadan
Nigeria

Kehinde Olagunju

Saint Istvan University ( email )

Páter K. srt.
Gödöllő, 12100
Hungary

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