Bank Market Power and Central Bank Digital Currency: Theory and Quantitative Assessment
60 Pages Posted: 12 Feb 2019 Last revised: 29 Mar 2021
Date Written: February 8, 2019
This paper develops a micro-founded general equilibrium model of payments to study the impact of a central bank digital currency (CBDC) on intermediation of private banks. If banks have market power in the deposit market, a CBDC can enhance competition, raising the deposit rate, expanding intermediation, and increasing output. A calibration to the United States economy suggests that a CBDC can raise bank lending by 1.96% and output by 0.21%. These ``crowding-in'' effects remain robust, albeit with smaller magnitudes, after taking into account endogenous bank entry. We also assess the role of a non-interest-bearing CBDC as the use of cash declines.
Keywords: Central Bank Digital Currency, Bank Market Power, Monetary Policy, Disintermediation
JEL Classification: E50, E58
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation