Buy-Sell Imbalances On and Around Round Numbers and High-Frequency Trading
55 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2019 Last revised: 10 Nov 2023
Date Written: August 22, 2023
The growth of high-frequency trading, due to its heavy reliance on computer algorithms, can be associated with a reduction of human errors and financial anomalies in the market. Transactions in which a non-high-frequency trader is the liquidity demander exhibit abnormally high buy (sell) pressure when prices are immediately below (above) a round number due to psychological effects, while the pattern is completely reversed when a high-frequency trader is the liquidity demander. As a result, the overall sample does not exhibit such imbalances. Furthermore, high-frequency traders earn higher returns when trading on and around round number prices.
Keywords: high-frequency traders; algorithmic trading; behavioral finance; order imbalance; financial anomaly
JEL Classification: G02, G14, G23
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