English Skills, Labour Market Status and Earnings of Turkish Women

Forthcoming in special issue of EMPIRICA

29 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2019

See all articles by Antonio Di Paolo

Antonio Di Paolo

University of Barcelona

Aysit Tansel

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 29, 2019


In this paper, we investigate the effect of the level of English skills on the labour market outcomes of Turkish women, using data from the Adult Education Survey of 2007. By adopting a bivariate equation framework, we jointly model the effect of English skills on labour market status and, conditional on being a wage earner, on monthly earnings and occupational status. The multinomial equation that explains labour market status allows for a different effect of language knowledge on the probability of being employed, unemployed but actively looking for a job, an unpaid family worker or involved in household tasks. The results indicate that being proficient in English is conditionally associated with a higher probability of being employed as a wage earner and, to a lesser extent, unemployed but looking for a job, whereas it decreases the likelihood of being involved in household tasks. Moreover, there is a significant conditional correlation between having a high level of skills in English and earnings, which is only modestly reduced when job-related variables and (especially) occupation dummies are included as additional controls. Indeed, being proficient in English barely affects occupational status when selection into employment status is controlled for. Therefore, the knowledge of foreign languages (in this case English) seems to stimulate labour market participation and earnings capacity, but does not substantially affect the occupational position of women in the Turkish labour market.

Keywords: English Skills, Females, Labour Market Status, Earnings, Occupation

JEL Classification: J16, J24, J31, O15, Z13

Suggested Citation

Di Paolo, Antonio and Tansel, Aysit, English Skills, Labour Market Status and Earnings of Turkish Women (January 29, 2019). Forthcoming in special issue of EMPIRICA, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3331596 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3331596

Antonio Di Paolo (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona ( email )

Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585
Barcelona, 08007

Aysit Tansel

Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics ( email )

Inonu Bulvari
Ankara 06800
90 312 210 2073 (Phone)
90 312 210 7964 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

Economic Research Forum (ERF) ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St.
(P.O. Box: 12311)
Dokki, Cairo

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics