Reliance on Science in Patenting: USPTO Front-Page Citations to Scientific Articles

47 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2019 Last revised: 3 Sep 2019

See all articles by Matt Marx

Matt Marx

Boston University - Questrom School of Business

Aaron Fuegi

Boston University

Date Written: August 20, 2019

Abstract

To what extent do firms rely on basic science in their R&D efforts? Several scholars have sought to answer this and related questions, but progress has been impeded by the difficulty of matching unstructured references in patents to published papers. We introduce an open-access dataset of references from the front pages of all patents granted by the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office to scientific papers published since 1800 as captured by the Microsoft Academic Graph. Each patent-paper linkage is assigned a confidence score, which is characterized in a random sample by false negatives vs. false positives. We outline several avenues for strategy research enabled by these new data.

Keywords: knowledge diffusion, patents, innovation, science, technology transfer

JEL Classification: O3, O31, O33

Suggested Citation

Marx, Matt and Fuegi, Aaron, Reliance on Science in Patenting: USPTO Front-Page Citations to Scientific Articles (August 20, 2019). Boston University Questrom School of Business Research Paper No. 3331686. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3331686 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3331686

Matt Marx (Contact Author)

Boston University - Questrom School of Business ( email )

595 Commonwealth Ave
Boston, MA 02466
United States

Aaron Fuegi

Boston University ( email )

595 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
United States

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