Rapporti fra strumenti di codificazione: il progetto di articoli sulla responsabilità degli Stati e le convenzioni di diritto internazionale umanitario (The Interplay between Instruments of Codification: The Relationship between the ILC’s Articles on State Responsibility and IHL Conventions)
101 Rivista di diritto internazionale 2018, pp. 1136-1163
29 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2019
Date Written: December 10, 2018
Italian Abstract: L'articolo esplora la relazione fra due diversi gruppi di regole sulla responsabilità degli Stati: quelle codificate dalla Commissione di diritto internazionale nel Progetto di Articoli sulla Responsabilità degli Stati del 2001 e quelle contenute in alcune convenzioni di diritto internazionale umanitario. L'articolo mira a studiare similitudini e differenze fra questi due gruppi di regole.
English Abstract: This article explores the relationship between two different sets of rules on State responsibility: on the one hand, the rules that were codified in the Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts, adopted by the International Law Commission (ILC) in 2001, and, on the other, those that are embodied in some conventions of international humanitarian law, such as the 1907 IV Hague Convention, the four 1949 Geneva Conventions, and the 1977 First Additional Protocol. As demonstrated by a survey of these treaties, some rules on State responsibility in the context of jus in bello existed before the International Law Commission’s codification. It is therefore of interest to explore whether these two sets of rules regulate State responsibility in the same way, whether there are differences between them, and which approach the ILC adopted with regard to the rules on State responsibility embodied in international humanitarian law conventions. The article addresses issues concerning various aspects of the law on State responsibility, such as attribution, the consequences of wrongful acts, and circumstances precluding wrongfulness. With regard to certain rules, the ILC tried to take into account some of the provisions on State responsibility adopted in conventions of international humanitarian law, and to emphasise some of the peculiarities of jus in bello. However, with regard to some other rules, the ILC has not fully considered the specific character of international humanitarian law, thus giving rise to some uncertainty about the rules applicable to wrongful acts in that field. The article addresses these contentious issues, in order to clarify when rules of international humanitarian law concerning State responsibility should be applied as lex specialis.
Note: Downloadable document is in Italian.
Keywords: fragmentation, international humanitarian law, International Law Commission, lex specialis, state responsibility
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation