Education and Conflict: Evidence from a Policy Experiment in Indonesia

88 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2019

See all articles by Dominic Rohner

Dominic Rohner

University of Lausanne

Alessandro Saia

University of Lausanne

Date Written: February 2019

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of school construction on the likelihood of conflict, drawing on a policy experiment in Indonesia, and collecting our own novel dataset on political violence for 289 districts in Indonesia over the period 1955-1994. We find that education has a strong, robust and quantitatively sizeable conflict-reducing impact. It is shown that the channels of transmission are both related to economic factors as well as to an increase in inter-religious trust and tolerance. Interestingly, while societal mechanisms are found to have an immediate impact, economic channels only gain importance after some years. We also show that school construction results in a shift away from violent means of expression (armed conflict) towards non-violent ones (peaceful protests).

Keywords: Civil War, conflict, education, Fighting, Polarization, protest, Returns to education, Schools

JEL Classification: C23, D74, H52, I20, N45

Suggested Citation

Rohner, Dominic and Saia, Alessandro, Education and Conflict: Evidence from a Policy Experiment in Indonesia (February 2019). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP13509. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3332312

Dominic Rohner (Contact Author)

University of Lausanne ( email )

Quartier Chambronne
Lausanne, Vaud CH-1015
Switzerland

Alessandro Saia

University of Lausanne ( email )

Quartier Chambronne
Lausanne, Vaud CH-1015
Switzerland

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