Evaluation of Potential Fair Trade Standards for an Ethical 3-D Printing Filament

Journal of Sustainable Development; Vol. 7, No. 5; 2014

12 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2019

See all articles by S. R. Feeley

S. R. Feeley

Michigan State University - Department of Biosystems & Agricultural Engineering

Bas Wijnen

Michigan Technological University

Joshua M. Pearce

Western University ; Michigan Technological University; Aalto University

Date Written: September 24, 2014

Abstract

Following the rapid rise of distributed additive manufacturing with 3-D printing has come the technical development of filament extruders and recyclebots, which can turn both virgin polymer pellets and post-consumer shredded plastic into 3-D filament. Similar to the solutions proposed for other forms of ethical manufacturing, it is possible to consider a form of ethical 3-D printer filament distribution being developed. There is a market opportunity for producing this ethical 3-D printer filament, which is addressed in this paper by developing an “ethical product standard” for 3-D filament based upon a combination of existing fair-trade standards and technical and life cycle analysis of recycled filament production and 3-D printing manufacturing. These standards apply to businesses that can enable the economic development of waste pickers and include i) minimum pricing, ii) fair trade premium, iii) labor standards, iv) environmental and technical standards, v) health and safety standards, and vi) social standards including those that cover discrimination, harassment, freedom of association, collective bargaining and discipline.

Keywords: 3-D Printing, Filament, Ethical Product Standards, Fair Trade Standards, Distributed Manufacturing

Suggested Citation

Feeley, S. R. and Wijnen, Bas and Pearce, Joshua M., Evaluation of Potential Fair Trade Standards for an Ethical 3-D Printing Filament (September 24, 2014). Journal of Sustainable Development; Vol. 7, No. 5; 2014 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3332430

S. R. Feeley

Michigan State University - Department of Biosystems & Agricultural Engineering

United States

Bas Wijnen

Michigan Technological University ( email )

Houghton, MI 49931
United States

Michigan Technological University ( email )

Houghton, MI 49931
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.mse.mtu.edu/~pearce/Index.html

Aalto University ( email )

P.O. Box 21210
Helsinki, 00101
Finland

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