Epistemological and Ontological Priors: Varieties of Explicitness and Research Integrity
American Political Science Association Organized Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, Qualitative Transparency Deliberations, Working Group Final Reports, Report I.1-1 (August 2018)
18 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2019
Date Written: February 12, 2019
The original DA-RT transparency agenda aspired to be "epistemically neutral," hoping that open and explicit practices would promote "cross-border understanding" among research traditions, as Lupia and Elman wrote in their 2014 symposium in PS. This claim to neutrality provoked challenges during the Qualitative Transparency Deliberations. Some objected to DA-RT's notion of transparency as narrow and called for broader conceptions of openness or explicitness. Others rejected the very goal of DA-RT, questioning the value of seeking newly explicit standards. This line ran through our Working Group on Ontological and Epistemological Priors, to the point that we opted to write two reports. Our contribution, which is more optimistic about an inclusive version of DA-RT, should therefore be read alongside the one by Timothy Luke, Antonio Vásquez-Arroyo and Mary Hawkesworth. Our full report inventories the views of transparency or explicitness highlighted in the QTD discussions. It notes that scholars' views of transparency reflect different understandings of ethics, the history of science, sociology of knowledge, and cognitive psychology that inform the overall integrity of the research process.
Keywords: qualitative methods, research transparency, epistemology, ontology, Qualitative Transparency Deliberations
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