Commodity Terms of Trade: A New Database
39 Pages Posted: 13 Feb 2019
Date Written: January 2019
This paper presents a comprehensive database of country-specific commodity price indices for 182 economies covering the period 1962-2018. For each country, the change in the international price of up to 45 individual commodities is weighted using commodity-level trade data. The database includes a commodity terms-of-trade index-which proxies the windfall gains and losses of income associated with changes in world prices-as well as additional country-specific series, including commodity export and import price indices. We provide indices that are constructed using, alternatively, fixed weights (based on average trade flows over several decades) and time-varying weights (which can account for time variation in the mix of commodities traded and the overall importance of commodities in economic activity). The paper also discusses the dynamics of commodity terms of trade across country groups and their influence on key macroeconomic aggregates.
Keywords: Commodity terms of trade; terms of trade; commodity prices, Commodity terms of trade, terms of trade, commodity prices, General
JEL Classification: E30, F10, F40, F4
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